First released by The Larry Clinton Orchestra & Bea Wain (US #10 1939).
Other hit versions by The Glenn Miller Orchestra (US #1 1939), Judy Garland (US #5 1939), Bob Crosby & His Orchestra (US #2 1939), The Demensions (US #16 1960), Patti LaBelle & The Bluebells (R&B #20 1966), Eva Cassidy (UK #42 2001), Israel Kamakawiwo’ole (US #22 2002).
From the wiki: “‘Over the Rainbow’ (often referred to as ‘Somewhere Over the Rainbow’) is a classic Academy Award-winning ballad, with music by Harold Arlen (‘Stormy Weather‘, ‘Blues in the Night‘) and lyrics by E.Y. Harburg. Arlen came up with the melody while sitting in his car in front of the original Schwab’s Drug Store in Hollywood. Harburg hated it at first because he thought the tempo was too slow. After Arlen consulted with his friend, Ira Gershwin, he sped up the tempo and Harburg came up with the lyrics. A lot of effort went into the first line. Ideas that didn’t make the cut included ‘I’ll go over the rainbow’ and ‘Someday over the rainbow’.
“‘Over the Rainbow’ was almost cut from The Wizard of Oz. The song was initially deleted from the film after a preview in San Luis Obispo, because MGM chief executive Louis B. Mayer and producer Mervyn LeRoy thought it ‘slowed down the picture’ (it is first sung just 5-minutes into the movie) and that ‘the song sounds like something for Jeanette MacDonald, not for a little girl singing in a barnyard.’ However, the persistence of associate producer Arthur Freed and Garland’s vocal coach/mentor Roger Edens to keep the song in the picture eventually paid off. In addition to winning the 1939 Academy Award for Best Song, ‘Over the Rainbow’ is ranked #1 on the Songs of the Century list compiled by the Recording Industry Association of America and the National Endowment for the Arts. The American Film Institute also ranks ‘Over the Rainbow’ as the greatest movie song of all time on the list of AFI’s 100 Years…100 Songs.
“Judy Garland first performed the song on the MGM soundstages in October 1938, using an arrangement by Murray Cutter. A studio recording of the song – not from the actual film soundtrack – was recorded and released as a single by Decca Records in September 1939 upon release of The Wizard of Oz. But, prior to that release, The Larry Clinton Orchestra covered ‘Over the Rainbow’ in a December 1938 recording session for Victor Records featuring vocalist Bea Wain. That version charted Top 10 in the Hit Parade in early 1939. The Glenn Miller Orchestra’s #1 hit cover spent 15 weeks on the 1939 Hit Parade. Judy Garland’s recording peaked at #5 the same year, while the Bob Crosby Orchestra cover spent 8 weeks on the Hit Parade and peaking at #2.
“Covers of ‘Over the Rainbow’ continued to be made for years after. Two covers charted in the 1960s. Eva Cassidy’s 2001 cover charted in the UK while Hawaii’an singer Israel ‘Iz’ Kamakawiwo’ole’s cover charted in the US Top 40 in 2002.”
The Glenn Miller Orchestra, “Over the Rainbow” (1939):
Judy Garland, “Over the Rainbow” (1939):
Bob Crosby & His Orchestra, “Over the Rainbow” (1939):
The Demensions, “Over the Rainbow” (1960):
Patti LaBelle & The Bluebells (1966):
Eva Cassidy, “Over the Rainbow” (2001):
Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” (2002):