Co-written and originally recorded by Shorty Long (1964).
Hit version by Mitch Ryder & The Detroit Wheels (US #4 1966).
From the wiki: “‘Devil with the Blue Dress On’ (also known as ‘Devil with a Blue Dress On’) is a song written by Shorty Long and William ‘Mickey’ Stevenson, first performed by Long and released as as Shorty Long’s debut single on Motown in 1964 but the single failed to chart. Two years later, Mitch Ryder & The Detroit Wheels covered the song as a medley with a cover of Little Richard’s ‘Good Golly Miss Molly’. Their version was notably more up-tempo than Long’s more blues-influenced rendition. Reaching #4 on the Hot 100, the Wheels’ track would end up becoming the Wheels’ most well-known and highest-charting hit in the United States.