First recorded (as “Lonesome Fiddle Blues”) by The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (1972).
Hit version by The Charlie Daniels Band (US #3/C&W #1 1979).
Also recorded (as “Lonesome Fiddle Blues”) by Old and in the The Way (recorded 1973, released 1975), Vassar Clements (1975).
From the wiki: “‘The Devil Went Down to Georgia’ was written by the Charlie Daniels Band but was based on a bluegrass instrumental fiddler Vassar Clements originally wrote titled ‘Lonesome Fiddle Blues’ that he first recorded in 1972 with The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band for the album Will The Circle Be Unbroken.
“In 1973, Clements joined and toured with the bluegrass supergroup Old and in the Way with Jerry Garcia, David Grisman, and Peter Rowan. The group recorded ‘Lonesome Fiddle Blues’ in 1973 but it would not be released until February 1975. Clements also recorded a version in 1975 for his self-titled solo album on which Charlie Daniels played guitar.”
“When covered by the Charlie Daniels Band, ‘Lonesome Fiddle Blues’ was moved up an octave and lyrics added to the instrumental. Retitled ‘The Devil Went Down to Georgia,’ the song would become the band’s biggest hit, reaching #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 (but prevented from higher chart movement by ‘After the Love Has Gone’ by Earth, Wind and Fire and ‘My Sharona’ by The Knack).”
Old and in the Way, “Lonesome Fiddle Blues” (1973):
The Charlie Daniels Band, “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” (1979):
Vassar Clements, “Lonesome Fiddle Blues” live performance (2003):