Songs with Earlier Histories Than the Hit Version

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Tuxedo Junction

Co-written and first recorded by The Erskine Hawkins Orchestra (US #7 1940).
Other hit version by Glenn Miller & His Orchestra (US #1 1940).
Also recorded by The Andrews Sisters (1940).

From the wiki: “‘Tuxedo Junction’ was co-written by Birmingham, Alabama, composer and band leader Erskine Hawkins, and saxophonist and arranger Bill Johnson. The song was first introduced by the orchestra led at the time by Hawkins – a college dance band previously known as the Bama State Collegians, made up of students from Alabama State University, who, in 1934, traveled to New York City and became the Erskine Hawkins Orchestra, working also with the NBC Orchestra, the Lucky Millinder Orchestra, the Duke Ellington Orchestra, Louis Armstrong and others.

“Glenn Miller & His Orchestra had the most successful recording of the song, topping the Hit Parade with an arrangement by Glenn Miller that slowed down the tempo and added trumpet fanfares. The Glenn Miller recording sold 115,000 copies in its first week alone. The Andrews Sisters recorded the first vocal rendition of ‘Tuxedo Junction’, in 1940, with lyrics by Buddy Feyne.

“According to the official Alabama state travel site: ‘Where Ensley Avenue and 19th Street intersected in West Birmingham, Alabama – where the Pratt City and Wylam streetcars once stopped to turn-around at Tuxedo Park – stood the club ‘Tuxedo Junction’. Its popularity spread, and people came from miles around to dance, listen to music, and to ‘jive’. Many musicians began their careers playing at Tuxedo Junction, and it was in that spirit that Hawkins celebrated the area’s night life in ‘Tuxedo Junction’. The now-empty building still stands today at 1728-20th Street as a testament to the musical heritage of the area.'”

Glenn Miller & His Orchestra, “Tuxedo Junction” (1940):

The Andrews Sisters, “Tuxedo Junction” (1940):

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